The Constitution is silent on whether a state can unilaterally leave or secede from the Union. However, the Supreme Court ruled in Texas v. White (1869) that a state cannot do this unilaterally. [11] The full faith and credit clause is an essential element of constitutional law, but it is most often used in the context of family law. For example, the Violence Against Women Act invokes the full faith and credit clause to require states to comply with child protection orders and custody orders issued in various states. Before same-sex marriage became legal nationwide, legal scholars considered whether the full faith and credit clause requires states that prohibit same-sex marriage to recognize marriages contracted in other states. In the mid-1990s, the Defense of Marriage Act attempted to legislate on the issue, but was ultimately struck down under the Constitution`s equality clause rather than the full faith and credit clause. This clause, commonly referred to as the property clause or «territorial clause,» grants Congress constitutional authority to administer and control any territory or other property right owned by the United States. In addition, the clause also states that nothing in the Constitution should be construed as harming (undermining) a claim of the United States or any particular state. The exact scope of this clause has long been disputed. Article 4 of the Constitution is the article describing the states of the United States of America. The article deals with the responsibilities and obligations of States. The article also discusses the role and responsibilities of the federal government in this regard.

This article is divided into 4 different sections, which are then divided into different clauses under each section and authority. The Constitution does not explain exactly what constitutes a republican form of government. However, there are several places where the principles underlying the concept are articulated. Article seven, the last and shortest of the original articles of the constitution, stipulated that before the constitution could be presented as a «law of the land», it had to obtain the consent of the people by being ratified by popular congresses in the various states. Because it required the ratification of only nine states to establish itself, rather than the unanimous consent required in the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution was more republican, as it protected the majority from being effectively governed or imprisoned by the minority. [18] Under a parallel clause in Article 1, Section Eight, the Supreme Court ruled that states cannot tax such federal property. In another case, Kleppe v. In New Mexico, the court ruled that the federal Wild Horse and Burro Act was a constitutional exercise of Congress` power under the property clause — at least to the extent that it was applied to finding trespassing. The case prohibited entry into U.S.

public lands and the removal of wild burros under New Mexico`s Estray Act. [16] A hastily formed provisional «Virginia» legislature was formed in Wheeling, Virginia. It officially authorized the formation of the state and technically satisfied the requirements of the Constitution that the state and Congress must approve a measure to form a new state within its borders. Whether this meets the conditions set out in that clause is still disputed. The creation of West Virginia as a state was a little different than in other states because it was part of Virginia. Leland is not true. The Republican government they refer to has no connection to the GOP. Republicanism is a term derived from Enlightenment thought and Enlightenment philosophers. The ideals behind republicanism are life, liberty and property.

If you watch James Madison`s Federalist 10, you`ll notice similarities to what was said in this section. That`s because it was based on that. It does not refer to Republicans and Democrats, but to factions; Majority and minority groups. They have provided state governments to try to limit the impact of factions or large political groups that drown out what all minority groups have to say. In fact, this part of the Constitution was made precisely for the purpose of opposing what you have done. Make politics a political stage, instead of making the best solution for everyone. Please learn more about political issues next time and please don`t play politics about Democrats or Republicans. Research all sides of the argument and vote based on what`s best for our country.

Thank you very much. Excellent news site, a ton helped me understand the articles. It`s well organized and simple. Section 4 of the U.S. Constitution deals with the roles and responsibilities of individual states. This was a subject of great importance when it was written, given the growing power enjoyed by states in the run-up to the civil war. Article 4 of the Constitution protects citizens and the Länder through the Federal Government. The Constitution of the United States is the oldest constitution in the world that is still actively used. It was written in 1787 and officially ratified in 1788. A political crisis in Rhode Island in the 1840s, the Dorr Rebellion, forced the Supreme Court to rule on the meaning of this clause.

At the time, the Constitution of Rhode Island was the old royal charter introduced in the 17th century. In the 1840s, only 40 percent of free white men in the state had the right to vote. An attempt to hold a popular convention to draft a new constitution was declared insurrection by the Charter government, and the leaders of Congress were arrested. One of them filed a lawsuit in federal court, arguing that the Rhode Island government was not «Republican» in character and that his arrest (and all other acts of the government) was invalid.